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Essay代写范文-Cultural Values in China

来源:原创    作者:留学生活网    发布时间:2021-03-16 17:03    阅读: 次    文章分类:范文参考

文章关键词:Essay代写范文


文章导读:本文是一篇Essay代写范文,范文主要讨论了中国的文化价值。中国文化是历史上为数不多的几千年文明古国之一,它植根于历史,但近几十年来发生了翻天覆地的变化。通过霍夫斯泰德提...

本文是一篇Essay代写范文,题目为:Cultural Values in China,范文主要讨论了中国的文化价值。中国文化是历史上为数不多的几千年文明古国之一,它植根于历史,但近几十年来发生了翻天覆地的变化。通过霍夫斯泰德提出的六个维度,可以更好地理解中国的文化价值观。本文分三对六个维度进行分析。权力与集体主义、阳刚之气与不确定性、长期取向与约束是中国文化价值观最显著的特征。

中国文化插图
 

As one of the few ancient civilizations that survived through the thousands of years of history, the Chinese culture is deeply rooted in history yet going through dramatic changes in the recent decades. The cultural values of China can be better understood though the six dimensions proposed by Hofstede. In this essay, the six dimensions are to be analyzed in three pairs. Power and collectivism, masculinity and uncertainty, long term orientation and restraint are the most notable features of the Chinese cultural values.

中国文化是历史上为数不多的几千年文明古国之一,它植根于历史,但近几十年来发生了翻天覆地的变化。通过霍夫斯泰德提出的六个维度,可以更好地理解中国的文化价值观。本文分三对六个维度进行分析。权力与集体主义、阳刚之气与不确定性、长期取向与约束是中国文化价值观最显著的特征。

China has been under the rule of dozens of emperors through the dynasties, and social hierarchy has become imprinted in Chinese culture. Although the concept of democracy has been brought into the country in the modern world, it is rather practiced with caution. With one dominant party ruling the country, Chinese is among the cultures with high power distance index. The members of the Chinese society acknowledge and accept the power inequality at different levels: including schools, families and workplaces. Accordingly, Chinese also value collectivism more than individualism, since the former aligns with the social hierarchy and high power-distance. People don’t like to stand out too much from the crowd in the Chinese culture, while group activity is more likely to bring a sense of safety.

中国历朝历代都在几十位皇帝的统治之下,社会等级制度已经烙印在中国文化中。虽然民主的概念在现代世界已经被带进了这个国家,但在实践中却相当谨慎。中国是一个统治国家的主导党,是权力距离指数较高的文化之一。中国社会成员承认并接受不同层面的权力不平等:包括学校、家庭和工作场所。因此,中国人也更重视集体主义而不是个人主义,因为集体主义与社会等级制度和高权力距离相一致。在中国文化中,人们不喜欢在人群中脱颖而出,而集体活动更容易带来安全感。

When it comes to masculinity and femininity, the former is definitely more valued than the latter according to Chinese values. Compared to the humanized approach adopted in some developed countries when it comes to working environment, Chinese usually need to work much harder and longer hours to compete with others. While Confucianism and its definition of women’s subordinate roles to men have had deep influences in China, circumstances are completely different in different parts of China. In the developed urban areas, women enjoy almost the same social status as men do, although they are often underpaid relative to men. In the rural and less developed areas, the major duties of women are still the domestic chores and bearing of children. Due to the high masculinity, Chinese are not good at being too careful and detailed to avoid risks and uncertainties.

说到男性气质和女性气质,根据中国人的价值观,前者肯定比后者更受重视。与一些发达国家在工作环境方面采取的人性化方法相比,中国人通常需要更加努力和更长的工作时间来与他人竞争。虽然儒家思想及其对女性从属男性角色的定义在中国产生了深远的影响,但中国不同地区的情况却完全不同。在发达的城市地区,妇女享有与男子几乎相同的社会地位,尽管她们的工资往往低于男子。在农村和欠发达地区,妇女的主要职责仍然是家务和生育。由于男性化程度高,中国人不善于过于谨慎和细致,以避免风险和不确定性。

Finally, Chinese ranks the top in the long-tern orientation category. Chinese people are more pragmatic, modest and thrifty in general. Most of the Chinese population are not religious, which again reflects this result. When it comes to indulgence vs. restraint, different regions have different features again. There are some cities in China, such as Chengdu, where leisure is an important element of life, even of higher priority than work. in other places, such as the major cities, work ethics lead to much lower indulgence. In general, China is still a society with more rigid social norms, although things are changing quickly with the increasing influence of the younger generation.

最后,中国人在长期定向类中排名第一。中国人总体上比较务实、谦虚、节俭。大多数中国人不信教,这再次反映了这一结果。说到放纵与克制,不同的地区又有不同的特点。在中国有些城市,比如成都,休闲是生活的重要元素,甚至比工作更重要。在其他地方,如大城市,工作道德导致的放纵要低得多。总的来说,中国仍然是一个社会规范比较僵化的社会,尽管随着年轻一代影响力的不断增强,情况变化很快。

In conclusion, China is observed to value power and social hierarchy, and accepts social inequality as something completely normal. The high masculinity naturally results in low uncertainty avoidance in China. Utilitarianism and pragmatism are also valued in Chinese culture, while religion and indulgence are less important. The analysis by Hofstede’s cultural dimensions has provided a much clearer picture of Chinese cultural values.

总之,中国重视权力和社会等级制度,接受社会不平等是完全正常的。在中国,高阳刚之气自然会导致低不确定性回避。功利主义和实用主义在中国文化中也很重要,而宗教和放纵则不那么重要。霍夫斯泰德的文化维度分析为中国文化价值观提供了一个更清晰的图景。

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