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英国Essay代写范文|布朗政府的教育改革

来源:网络整理    作者:留学生活网    发布时间:2019-06-24 14:08    阅读: 次    文章分类:范文参考

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文章导读:本文是一篇英国Essay代写范文,本文主要讨论了英国布朗政府的教育改革。21世纪,面对经济全球化的挑战,英国布朗政府绝对进行教育改革,改革的核心体现在政府向议会提交的《200...
  本文是一篇英国Essay代写范文,本文主要讨论了英国布朗政府的教育改革。21世纪,面对经济全球化的挑战,英国布朗政府绝对进行教育改革,改革的核心体现在政府向议会提交的《2008年教育与技能议案》,该议案将义务教育年龄提高到18岁。围绕这个目标,布朗政府提出一整套教育改革方案。之后,布朗政府向议会提交了《2009年教育与技能议案》,该议案是教育改革的延伸,目的是保证英国每位儿童都能上优秀的学校。

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英国Essay代写范文|布朗政府的教育改革
 
  When Labour leader Tony Blair became prime minister in 1997,he declared that the government's three priorities were"education,education and education".On May 27,2007,finance minister Gordon brown took over from Tony Blair as prime minister of the United Kingdom.A government restructuring in June 2007 split the ministry of education and skills into two,one for children,schools and families,the other for innovation,universities and skills.It also announced the creation of a national council for excellence in education,chaired by Mr Brown.Keen on education,prime minister brown still focused on education and insisted on promoting education reform after taking office.
       1997年,当工党领袖托尼·布莱尔成为首相时,他宣布政府的三个优先事项是“教育、教育和教育”。2007年5月27日,财政部长戈登·布朗接替托尼·布莱尔成为英国首相。2007年6月,政府重组将教育和技能部分为第二,一个面向儿童、学校和家庭,另一个面向创新、大学和技能。它还宣布成立由布朗先生主持的全国教育卓越委员会。布朗总理热衷于教育,仍然专注于教育,并坚持在就职后推动教育改革。
 
  On October 26,2007,prime minister brown unveiled the new government's education policy agenda at Greenwich university,proposing that Britain's ambition is to build a"world-class"education system and become a leader of the global education alliance.With 6m unskilled workers in the UK,there will be only 500,000 such jobs left by 2020,5.5m low-skilled or unskilled jobs will disappear and the demand for highly skilled workers in a globalised economy is limitless.The ultimate goal of a world-class education system is to enable every young person in the UK to make a successful transition to university,or to complete a school education,on-the-job training or apprenticeship at the age of 18 to 19,gaining qualifications and making the transition to skilled work;Increase the level of adult vocational skills through beneficial training programs.
       2007年10月26日,布朗首相在格林威治大学公布了新政府的教育政策议程,提出英国的目标是建立一个“世界级”的教育体系,并成为全球教育联盟的领导者。英国有600万非熟练工人,到2020年只剩下50万个这样的工作岗位,还有550万个低技能工人。D或非熟练工作将消失,全球经济对高技能工人的需求是无限的。世界级教育体系的最终目标是使英国的每个年轻人在18至19岁时成功地过渡到大学,或完成学校教育、在职培训或学徒制。获得资格并过渡到熟练工作;通过有益的培训计划提高成人职业技能水平。
 
  British politics in the 20th century was divided between left and right.The left thinks the state can solve social problems and reduce inequality;the right believes that the state should give way to the market and let market forces and incentives work.After Tony Blair became prime minister in 1997,new Labour proposed a third way:a fair and prosperous society requires both strong public services and a vibrant market economy.
       20世纪的英国政治分为左右两派。左派认为国家能够解决社会问题,减少不平等;右派认为国家应该让位给市场,让市场力量和激励机制发挥作用。1997年托尼·布莱尔就任英国首相后,新工党提出了第三种方式:公平繁荣。美国社会需要强大的公共服务和充满活力的市场经济。
 
  Mr Brown's government will continue its centrist approach,using the best of government and markets to promote prosperity,and emphasising the importance of investment in public services.Total spending on school support schemes and infrastructure schemes for the three academic years 2008-2009 and 2010-2011 means a national average of£6,600 per student;Education spending will rise to 5.6%of GDP in 2010-11 from 4.7%in 1996-1997.It is also the first time the government has budgeted three years of education funding to help local governments and schools plan properly.
       布朗先生的政府将继续采取中间派的方法,利用政府和市场的优势促进繁荣,并强调公共服务投资的重要性。2008-2009和2010-2011三个学年的学校支持计划和基础设施计划的总开支意味着每个研究生的全国平均经费为6600英镑。教育支出将从1996-1997年的4.7%上升到2010-11年GDP的5.6%,这也是政府第一次预算三年的教育经费,以帮助地方政府和学校合理规划。
 
  Economic globalisation requires changing British education,replacing too many low expectations with a culture of high standards.Mr Brown believes that changing culture is key to the success of public service reform.
 
  To build a world-class education system,Britain must face the"three arguments"of educational culture:"the limited upper space theory"holds that the economic system only needs a few people to be trained to become top leaders,and it is meaningless to fully develop the intelligence of each person;The"more is worse"theory holds that the intelligence of mass youth is limited,and the education of more and more young people is a waste of resources.Although the university enrollment rate in other developed countries reaches more than 50%,many people in Britain believe that pursuing the 50%target will lead to vulgarity.According to"fatalism",there are always weak schools and poor students,and poor children's disadvantage cannot be overcome in schools,but poor schools that are not motivated can only be tolerated.
 
  A world-class education system cannot tolerate failure,and no school where children are left behind or fail is acceptable.The education and skills bill,currently being debated in parliament,proposes extending the compulsory education age to 17 in 2013 and 18 in 2015 to ensure equal access to education for all children,including those with special needs.
 
  The school for the future programme,launched in 2005-06,is the biggest school infrastructure investment in the history of the UK and aims to refurbish or rebuild all secondary schools in the UK over 10-15 years.More than£6bn has been earmarked for the scheme's infrastructure in the three years from its launch to 2007-08.
 
  The best education systems attract the best talent,with the top 5%in South Korea,the top 10%in Finland,and the top 30%in Singapore and Hong Kong working as teachers.Teaching is a profession for highly skilled,master level talents.New teachers will have to earn a master's degree in teaching in the first five years of teaching.
 
  The UK has launched a series of children's plans,including the green book every child matters,every child's future matters and the children's plan.
 
  The children's plan Outlines a ten-year strategic plan for the development of children in the UK:focusing on schools,active participation of families and society,and paying comprehensive attention to children's education,welfare,mental health,poverty,juvenile delinquency,alcoholism and school bullying.The plan is cross-departmental and requires the co-operation of the departments for children,schools and families,work and care,the home office,the health ministry and the ministry of justice.It is also part of Mr Brown's new model of public services.
 
  After the labor party came to power in 1997,the government introduced a series of reform plans for the weak schools,including the"education action zone plan"to improve the weak education areas,the"excellent city policy"to improve the urban center,and the model school plan.The department of children,schools and families has set up the school improvement office,which is responsible for formulating and implementing school improvement policies and plans.
 
  Create incentives to attract good teachers to tough schools,including expanding teaching priorities and recruiting the best teachers for those schools.
 
  The Labour government's national education strategy emphasizes partnerships between schools,such as the"pioneer partnership"for secondary schools,which unites secondary schools to tackle acute educational challenges;A strategic learning network for primary schools was developed to help them work together to further improve curriculum standards.Through the help of excellent partner schools,improve the management level and teachers'quality,and finally make students'grades reach the standard.
 
  If the school fails,the government will warn of outside intervention and take certain remedial measures,including an interim executive committee to take over the management of the school;Independent schools can also take over weak schools,either by neighbouring successful trusts or school unions,or by transforming them into national comprehensives.
 
  In cases where educational resources are inadequate or schools are substandard,the central government will establish national comprehensive schools;Or better support for the conversion of failing schools into state comprehensives.In September 2007,the central government established 83 national comprehensive schools in 49 administrative regions,and 50 in September 2008.More than 150 such secondary schools will be built in the next three years,eventually reaching 400.
 
  National comprehensions are similar to charter schools in the United States,run on a semi-market basis,run by independent sponsors and funded by the central government to the standards of other local schools.Sponsors can be educational foundations,universities,philanthropists,businesses and churches."National comprehensive school,trust schools and higher education instruction","national comprehensive school and trust schools:six in schools,senior high school and school of continuing education opportunities to encourage university and run efficient six in high school,senior high school and school of continuing education,as the host to participate in the construction of the national comprehensive school,exempt from before that as the organizers should be paid 2 million pounds of obligations.The government wants every university to host at least one state comprehensive school.
 
  In addition to school education and on-the-job training,the apprenticeship system has been restored and improved in Britain.The apprenticeship bill has been included in the legislative plan of parliament for 2007-2008.World class apprenticeships:unlock wisdom and build skills for all-the government's strategy for the future of apprenticeships in England calls for 400,000 apprenticeships in England by 2020.To this end,the government will set up a national apprenticeship service to expand the scope of business participation in apprenticeship programmes-130,000 employers have signed up to apprenticeship agreements-and call on public bodies such as the government and parliament to provide apprenticeships as well.
 
  The annual national conference of characteristic schools is a grand gathering of the British education sector,which can be called the largest education conference in Europe,and is highly valued by British prime minister and education minister.The theme of the 15th national congress was"our future sustainable development:leadership and learning",which was held from November 28 to 30,2007.At present,there are 2,779 specialist schools in England,accounting for 86%of all secondary schools in England.The aim is to make all secondary schools across the country feature schools that offer a wide range of alternative education services and increase youth participation.
 
  Personalized learning according to the characteristics and interests of students to teach and learn,learning difficulties for students with one-to-one tutoring.Expand the gifted learning program for school children so that one million of the most talented children can benefit from special outreach programs that give full play to their potential in sports,music,the arts,culture,and entrepreneurship.
 
  In 1996,the qualifications and curriculum commission was set up in the UK.One of its central tasks was to create a unified and compatible national qualification system for certificates of general education and vocational education.
 
  The new diplomas are a series of qualifications in addition to the traditional gcses and a-levels and are intended to provide more avenues of learning for students at levels 10 and 12 and above.The new diplomas are designed by employers and are divided into three levels,covering 14 employment sectors.The qualifications,first introduced in 2008,cover five categories:architecture and environment,creativity and media,society,health and development,and information technology and engineering.In September 2009,72 per cent of secondary schools will offer new diploma programmes to 80 per cent of students.
 
  The national vocational qualification reform programme,launched in 2005 and due to end in 2010,will make major changes to the current vocational qualifications system to meet the needs of learners and employers and support greater social equity and opportunity.The reform plan includes six parts,namely,industry qualification reform,qualification and credit framework construction,arrangement,funding and implementation of qualification training for learners,rationalization reform of existing vocational qualification,communication,research and evaluation.
 
  Continue to implement the education maintenance allowance policy to enable young people living in poor families to continue their education after reaching the age of 16.From September 2007,two-thirds of undergraduates will be able to apply for scholarships of up to£3,000,and senior apprentices will have at least£3,000 of credit to pay their fees through skills accounts.Young people under the age of 25 who study a-level subjects at technical colleges are not only free of tuition fees but also receive A£30 per week adult study allowance.
 
  The education and skills act of 2008,considered the most important education legislation in the UK for 50 years,aims to raise the compulsory education age to 18 in five years'time.To this end,the brown government systematically reformed its education policy.On May 14,2008,prime minister brown presented his 2008-2009 legislative plan to parliament.The education and skills bill 2009 is a continuation of the education and skills bill 2008.Ensure a customer-oriented skills and apprenticeship system is in place;Create a new qualification and test management agency,set up curriculum,assessment and qualification development agency.

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