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Essay代写范文|美国的家庭学校

来源:网络整理    作者:留学生活网    发布时间:2019-06-24 13:58    阅读: 次    文章分类:范文参考

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文章导读:本文是一篇Essay代写范文,主要讨论了美国的家庭学校。近几年,家庭学校在美国的发展非常迅速,已成为美国基础教育之一。家庭学校的诞生,不仅满足孩子的个性化需求、公立学校自...
  本文是一篇Essay代写范文,主要讨论了美国的家庭学校。近几年,家庭学校在美国的发展非常迅速,已成为美国基础教育之一。家庭学校的诞生,不仅满足孩子的个性化需求、公立学校自身的不足以及宗教因素。从家庭学校的实施现状来看,家庭学校可以从多种渠道获取课程资源,灵活选择教学方式并利用远程学习媒体。美国家庭学校针对性的教学模式、相互联系的运行模式、优良的社会化环境以及较高的教学质量越来越得到家庭及社会的认可。

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Essay代写范文|美国的家庭学校
图为美国的家庭学校
 
  In recent years,home school has been developing rapidly in the United States and has become a highlight in the field of basic education in the United States.The rise of home schooling is due to both school and non-school reasons.Generally speaking,it is mainly due to the following three factors:meeting children's individual needs,the inadequacy of public schools and religious factors.From the implementation of home schools,home schools can obtain curriculum resources from various channels,flexibly choose teaching methods and use distance learning media.The targeted teaching mode,interrelated operation mode,excellent socialized environment and high teaching quality of American family schools are more and more recognized by families and society.Family education and school education should not be separated from each other,but should establish a partnership between family and school,parents and teachers to jointly promote the development of students.
       近年来,家庭学校在美国发展迅速,已成为美国基础教育领域的一大亮点,家庭学校的兴起是由于学校和非学校两方面的原因,一般来说,这主要是由于以下三个因素:满足儿童的个人需要,家庭学校的不足公立学校和宗教因素。从家庭学校的实施来看,家庭学校可以从各种渠道获得课程资源,灵活选择教学方法,使用远程学习媒体。美国家庭学校的目标教学模式、相互关联的运作模式、良好的社会化环境和较高的教学质量。家庭教育与学校教育不应分离,而应在家庭与学校、家长与教师之间建立伙伴关系,共同促进学生的发展。
 
  Since the 1980s,there has been a massive school reconstruction movement in the United States.In this wave of education reform,the traditional classroom teaching system of primary and secondary schools has been greatly challenged.Among the new school models emerging,some have called home schooling"the fastest growing education movement in the United States."Since 1985,the number of children at home school has been increasing by 10 to 15 percent each year.In the spring of 1999,about 850,000 students were home-schooled in the United States.By the spring of 2003,that number had risen to 1.1 million.From these data,we can see that home schooling is growing rapidly in the United States.Homeschooling,also known as homeschooling,is when families do not send their school-age children to traditional schools,but provide education for them from their own homes.
       自20世纪80年代以来,美国发生了一场大规模的学校重建运动,在这场教育改革浪潮中,传统的中小学课堂教学体系受到了极大的挑战,在新出现的学校模式中,有人将家庭教育称为“美国发展最快的教育运动”。自1985年以来,美国家庭学校的儿童人数每年增长10%至15%。1999年春,美国家庭学校的学生约有85万人。到2003年春,这一数字已经上升到110万人。根据这些数据,我们可以看到,美国家庭学校教育正在迅速增长。家庭学校凌,也被称为家庭教育,是指家庭不把他们的学龄儿童送到传统学校,而是从他们自己的家里为他们提供教育。
 
  Compared with the century-old institutionalized form of school education,more and more families are willing to choose the so-called"non-school,anti-school and family-style"form of home school,which has its own reasons and other reasons.
       与百年制的学校教育形式相比,越来越多的家庭愿意选择所谓的“非学校式、反学校式、家庭式”的家庭学校形式,这有其自身的原因和其他原因。
 
  In public schools,classes are taught,and the pace of the curriculum takes into account the receptivity of all the students.For children with learning disabilities or talents,the uniform schedule of public schools often fails to fully address their special needs.And the parents of these children are usually very clear about their children's special needs,so they choose the one-to-one family education model.The one-to-one home-schooling system not only takes care of children with learning disabilities,but also provides gifted children with extra time and space to develop their talents.Children do not lose interest in learning because they are not in accordance with their peers'learning requirements or progress.
       在公立学校,课堂教学,课程安排的节奏考虑到所有学生的接受程度。对于学习障碍或有才能的儿童,公立学校统一的课程安排往往不能充分满足他们的特殊需要。这些儿童的家长通常非常清楚他们的孩子的特殊性。需要,所以他们选择了一对一的家庭教育模式。一对一的家庭教育系统不仅照顾学习障碍儿童,而且为有天赋的儿童提供额外的时间和空间来发展他们的才能。儿童不会因为不符合同龄人的学习要求而失去学习兴趣。回忆或进步。
 
  Home-schooled children are taught directly by their parents,many of whom hand-pick textbooks for their children and draw on courses offered by correspondence schools,community colleges and computer software.In terms of the arrangement of subjects,the child's own needs,interests and strengths should be taken into account to the maximum extent,and the course schedule should be more flexible.All these help to provide the most targeted,personalized and personalized learning guidance for children.In short,home-schooling makes it easier for parents to take care of their children's individual needs and implement the kind of targeted teaching--or tailoring--that is one of the main reasons parents choose home-schooling.
 
  According to the federal center for education statistics,parents choose home schooling in large part because of their dissatisfaction with public schools.Parents of homeschooled children are generally skeptical of the reliability of the learning environment provided by the school.Especially with the increase in school violence,many parents do not believe that schools can provide a safe environment for their children.Other parents want to keep their children away from drugs and other drugs that they may be exposed to in school,avoid negative influences from school peers,and reduce the physical and psychological pressure their children face.According to the national education association,about 100,000 children in the United States regularly carry guns in class.In 1998,the census bureau reported that 30 students were shot every day in the United States.With the development of economy and society,the quality of parents is improving day by day,and parents pay more and more attention to the situation of children receiving education in school.The growing disadvantages of traditional public schools have weakened parents'sense of trust in schools.Therefore,parents prefer to provide education for their children at home rather than expose their children to the bad atmosphere in school.
 
  We all know that religion is an important part of American culture,but public schools ignore this cultural phenomenon.The teaching content basically does not have the religious belief cultivation,almost is the education and the religion strict separation.The reason many parents choose home-schooling over public schools is to pursue religious freedom."The underlying motivation to educate children at home is to control their spiritual and character development,which is god's will for them."In the eyes of believers,public schools are not only dominated by secularism,unable to convey the truth about god to children,but also full of the atmosphere of mass culture and some adverse events such as violence,sexual crimes and drug abuse,which have a negative impact on children's development.For this reason,a large number of parents choose to educate their children in home schools.According to relevant data,Christians are the largest number of parents who choose home-schooling.
 
  Parents,the implementers of education in home schools,have wide access to curriculum resources.Most home-school students have at least one source of course resources for their parents.Of the many sources of course resources,the local public library is the most popular,with 78 per cent of the population using such materials.Seventy-seven percent obtained resources through home-school catalogs,printing companies or individual books.About 50%of home-school students get their textbooks from home-school organizations,and 37%get their textbooks from religious institutions such as churches.In addition,some students get their materials from local public schools or community colleges.American public school curriculum resources are also available to parents through a variety of channels,even directly from public schools.This ensures that home-schoolers have access to the same knowledge,without making the future too uneven.Home-school students'access to course resources or books in 2003 is shown in table 1.
 
  Because of the one-to-one teaching mode of family school,the implementation of education is more targeted and can fully implement individualized teaching.In home school,parents,as one of the main body of teaching process,also pay close attention to the problem of teaching methods.With the actual needs of children as the starting point and the ultimate goal of meeting the needs of children,parents choose from a series of teaching methods and creatively adjust and reorganize these methods in order to achieve the best teaching effect.Compared with traditional public schools,home-schooling parents can more easily control the progress and time of the curriculum,develop their children's interests and strengths,and improve their learning efficiency.However,the relatively large educational institutions of traditional public schools are difficult to make timely and accurate response to individual students.
 
  With the development of science and technology,computer-based media technology is becoming more and more popular in home schools.The Internet provides rich literature materials for students who choose home schools to assist them in learning various subjects,becoming one of the important ways for students in home schools to obtain educational resources.According to NHES,distance learning is the process of sending and receiving some or all of the course instructions using media technology.That is to say,teaching and learning in the process of educational activities are spatially independent of each other.According to relevant data,about 20%of home-school students use media tools such as TV,video or radio to obtain educational resources.Nineteen percent of students access course information via the Internet,E-mail and the world wide web.The use of distance learning media by home-schoolers in 2003 is shown in table 2.
 
  In 1980,only 13 states formally recognized home-schooling in their state legislation.By March 1995,34 states had made it clear by law that home-schooling would be allowed if certain standards were met.At least 12 states now have rules that allow home-schooling to operate as private schools.Other states require home-schooling to be approved by local superintendents or school boards.Oklahoma,in particular,protects home-schooling with a constitutional amendment that grants the state almost no rights to regulate or require home-schooling.Us legislation appears to be heading towards a trend of less state involvement in home-schooling and laws to recognise and protect its benefits.
 
  Because home-schooling is one-to-one,its greatest advantage is its ability to provide targeted education to children in a flexible way.Parents can educate children according to their interests and needs,and allow them to learn in their favorite learning style,cognitive style and suitable speed,which can stimulate their learning initiative,change passive learning into active learning,and truly realize personalized education.In addition,parents as teachers have more opportunities to observe their children's behavior and listen to their children's voice,which is more conducive to parents to understand their children's thoughts and ideas,and generate new learning content from life.Parents do not need to strictly follow the teaching outline and plan,but according to their children's needs and interests,flexible arrangement of teaching content,flexible choice of teaching places,to develop the ability of children to find and solve problems anytime and anywhere.In addition,parents can adjust their teaching time according to their own situation.For example,some families choose evenings or weekends to teach in order to coordinate with their working hours.Some home schools have only four days of teaching a week,but because they last through the summer holidays,they can do the same.In terms of teaching methods,as mentioned above,compared with traditional public schools,home schools are easier to carry out targeted teaching on the basis of taking care of students'personal interests.
 
  Many opponents of homeschooling argue that homeschooling is bad for children's social development,and that children's social skills are easier to acquire in formal schools.Admittedly,group communication in education is an important channel to cultivate children's socialization,but these people often neglect that home-school students also have many opportunities for social communication.Moreover,in the family environment,we can make better use of the positive aspects of the social environment--sharing,respect,communication and getting along.It is easy to avoid the influence of bad social aspects and effectively protect children from the influence of vicious competition,absurd and contradictory values.Some researchers argue for a distinction between"positive socialization based on stable family life"and"negative,me-first,peer-influenced socialization that abandonsfamily values."Raymond s.Moore,a leading figure in the home-schooling movement,says:"parents and educators often talk about sociality but fail to distinguish sociality itself.Children who feel needed at home and have a sense of Shared responsibility are more likely to develop a stable value system,which is essential for positive sociality,whereas children who are subject to peer influence are more likely to develop negative sociality.Some studies have also found that"meaningful communication"occurs in small Settings,and that the smaller the class size,the greater the likelihood of effective learning.
 
  Homeschooling is not as"lonely"as one might imagine.Parents of homeschooling attach great importance to the connection with other families and social institutions.As long as there are a certain number of home schools in a region,they will support and learn from each other and form at least one family education association.At the same time,family schools show their solidarity with each other,but they are not similar to each other.In terms of teaching methods,curriculum arrangement and other aspects,they still show the characteristics of diversity.Different home schools have different access to and use of curriculum resources.This point in front of the implementation of the home school has been partly described.In addition,there are links not only between home schools but also between home schools and local public or private schools.Some home-schoolers also spend part of their time attending local public or private schools.Some families also take advantage of the curriculum packages offered by private schools.
 
  Related information shows that there is a big concern for home school opponents,is to doubt the quality of home school teaching.How parents can teach their children multidisciplinary education without relevant professional knowledge or even a college degree is a real concern.But the truth is,education doesn't have to be about teaching what educators know or training students in a particular skill.Education doesn't have to be specialized.The essence of education is cultural inheritance.Real life should be interdisciplinary,not interdisciplinary.Home-schooling,on the other hand,focuses more on the integration of subjects than traditional public schools.In terms of academic performance,in recent years,many home-school research institutions in the United States have concluded that the academic performance of home-educated children is higher than the national average through the analysis of standard tests such as learning aptitude test,achievement level test and basic skills test.The largest national study of home-schooling child achievement,the homeschooling advocacy group,found that home-schooled children scored at or above the 80th percentile on average on standardized tests in all subjects.The most fundamental reason for the remarkable results of home-schooling is the individualized and targeted education process and the parents'high attention to their children's study and socialization.

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